Fliegerhorst Grove.

 
         
 

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The crest of FlH Grove carved in a piece of oak.

 

A reconstruction based on Luftwaffe heraldic practice and color traditions.

 
         
 

Fliegerhorst Grove was built in the period APR - AUG 1940 and was declared operational 9 AUG 1940.  Initially it was classified as an Einsatzhafen, but over time it was expanded both in area and facilities, later being classified as a Fliegerhorst.  In 1944 a Northern Remote Dispersal Area was added and a similar Western one was under construction when the war ended.  Also an extensive building program with St. and FA bunkers was initiated in 1943 and numerous weapons for ground defence were introduced so FlH Grove also became a Stützpunkt Gruppe.  Recent research has established that FlH Grove and Aalb.-West must have been the most heavily fortified Luftwaffe airfields in Western Europe.  Below is a list of the bunkers, which were built at Grove.  The links below refer to a separate page with specific details.

 
             
  Part 1. Early bunkers. Part 2. Ground defence bunkers, a. Part 2. Ground defence bunkers, b. Part 2. Ground defence bunkers, c.  
             
Part 3. 8,8 cm Flak. Part 4. St-Aufbau. Part 5. Ringstande. Part 6. Mystery foundation.
             
  Part 7. "Adcock Ilskov". Part 8.  Kabelmerkstein. Part 9. Approach aids. Part 10. Late bunkers.  
             
  Part 11. Aerial photos. Part 12. Feldbefestigungen. Part 13 a. Light Flak. Part 13 b. le.MGs used as Flak.  
             
  Part 13 c. Medium Flak. Part 13 d.  Flak towers. Part 14. Splitterboxen. Part 15. Miscellaneous buildings.  
             
  Part 16.  V-1 at Grove? Part 17.  Sprengbrunnen. Part 18.  Tank ditch.  Part 19. Sicherungsfahrzeug UE(f).  
           
   Part 20. Platzschutz-Freya. Part 21. Panzerwall. Part 22. Me 262 at Grove.    
           
           
 

 
         
 

Einsatzhafen Grove August 1940.

 
         
 

 
         
 

Fliegerhorst Grove, May 1945.

 
         
 

Bunkers

 
     
  Bunkers on German airfields in Denmark were built in 2 distinct phases.  Phase 1 where the Luftwaffe itself was responsible; it has hitherto been impossible to find complete and all exhaustive German documentation for this phase, only drawings of some types of barracks and some types of bunkers.  In phase 2 the Festungs- Pioneer Stab was responsible.  This phase is well documented in the Baufortschrittsmeldung and it is characterized by the widespread utilization of Ständige Aufbau and Bauforme.  The expression Regelbau is used frequently in connection with the Ständige Aufbau, but the "Phase 1" bunkers were as much Regelbau.  Some of the types depicted via the above links can also be found in France, Germany, Norway and The Netherlands.  Published with the permission of Air Station Karup 2005-07-21.  
     
   
DDCS

Type

#

T-10 622 mit Tobruk. 34
T-11 622 ohne Tobruk. 4
T-12 668.  Kleinunterstand für 6 Mann. 4
T-13 646.  Brunnenstand. 1
T-14 608.  Batl.-, Abt.-, Reg.-Gefechtstand. 2
T-15 607.  Munitionsunterstand II. 2
T-16 L 413A.  Munitionsunterstand für leichte Flakzug. 2
T-17 L 411A.  Unterstand für Flakscheinwerfer 60 cm. 2
T-18 621.  Gruppenunterstand. 7
T-19 502.  Doppeltgruppeunterstand 3
T-20 L 410A.  Unterstand ohne aufgesetzten Geschützstand 2/3.7 cm Flak mit Zugbefehlsstelle. 2
T-21 639.  Grosser Sanitätsunterstand. 2
T-23 L 408A.  Unterstand für Abteilungsgefechtstand. 1
T-24 L 416A.  Schartenstand für 8,8 cm Flak. 3
T-25 681.  MG Schartenstand ohne Nebenräume. 1
T-27 673 mod.  Geschützunterstelraum II ohne Nebenräume. 2
T-48 L 483.  Unterstand für Funksendezentrale. 1
T-49 L 489. Unterstand für Funksendestelle. 1
   
     
   
DDCS* German name #
T-22 Gefechtsstand (Fliegerhorst). 1
T-26 Type 70. 4
  L 3/Type 67 (mod). 3
T-28 Luftschütz Unterstand für 50 mann. 5
T-29 Geschütz Unterstand f. 7,6 cm Inf. Gesch. 6
T-30a Muni.Unterstand, 7,6 cm Inf. Gesch. 12
T-30b Ber.Raum, 7,6 cm Inf. Gesch. 6
T-31 Type 58c, 60 cm & small room. 39
T-32 Splitterschutzzelle. 2
T-33 Bereitschaftsraum. 13
T-56 Kühlbunker. 18
T-57 FA, name unknown. 1
T-58 Sanitätsunterstand. 1
T-59 Luftschütz Unterstand für 30 mann. 1
T-60 Unterstand für Ladeaggregat. 1
T-61 Telefonzentrale. 1

DDCS:  Danish Defence Construction Service drawing number.

   
     
  But FlH Grove and Aalb.-West were exceptions.  Normally there were vey few St. bunkers and maybe a dozen or so Vf/FA bunkers on an Einsatzhafen/Fliegerhorst.  But of course the majority of buildings/constructions on an airfield were related to the conduct and support of flight operations.  And these constructions and buildings were also standardized at least in purpose and to some extend also in construction/lay-out/floor plan and nomenclature.  Below is a link to a document specifying many the constructions that constituted a Fliegerhorst.  It is part of a RAF intelligence document based on a captured Luftwaffe document.  I am grateful to Mr. Carsten Petersen for having shared this part of his research.  
     
  Ausbau Nachweis für Fliegerhorst.  
         
  Airfield construction at Fliegerhorst Aalb-West.  
         
  FlH Grove organisation.