II JK Luftlageübermittlung, day-fighter and fighter bomber control spring 1945.  
     
  Part 1, Defensive operations.  
     
  Part 2, Offensive operations.  
     
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 As stated on the previous page:  Also II JK changed it's role . . . to a mixture of defence against allied tactical air power, . . . and navigational support to offensive units.  After a few month of experimentation the K.St.N. (unit establishment) for a Ln.-Funknavigationsabteilung was issued 14 JAN 1945.  A number of units equipped with Freya-EGON/Y-Linien/Zyklop had be organized in 7. and 10./Ln.Flugs.Rgt.West subordinated to I./Ln.Rgt. 54.  On the same date the organization was changed to III./Ln.-Rgt 32 and 8. and 9.(Ln.Funknav.)(v)(K)/Ln.-Rgt. 32.  These units provided navigational assistance to NSG, KG and TG units during night and all-weather bombing, marking and supply missions.  1. and 2. Zug in each Kp. was to have equipment for 1 Y-Linien (Kampf) and 2 Zyklop; 3. and 4. Zug was to have 1 Freya-EGON or 1 Y-Linien (Kampf) and 2 Zyklop.  Each Kp. could thus man 4 Stellungen.  It seems as if the organization never was fully implemented as intended.  The Y-Linien were not introduced, but all units were Freya-EGON equipped instead.  Please see: Luftwaffe radartypes recognition guide for drawings of Freya EGON types.

 
     
 

FuS An 722 ZYKLOP.

 
  The Zyklop was a directional beacon, which worked in the 30,0 - 33,3 Mhz band.  The ground installation consisted of a trailer with a AS 3 Funklandesender and two masts located 14 m apart.  The system transmitted a signal, which could be received and displayed in an aircraft equipped with a FuBl 1 or 2 Funklandegerät.  When used for target designation, the trailer and masts were arranged so that the main beam pointed at the target.  In the aircraft the signal would be presented on a course deviation indicator enabling the pilot to follow the intended track to the target irrespective of the wind.  At the same time a Freya EGON would be used to track the response from the FuG 25 Erstling enabling the ground operator to establish the range to the aircraft and consequently to the target.  The pilot would (normally via W/T) be given a countdown to release of bomb/marker/cargo container.  
     
 

The following units are known to have been operating under control of the above units (location and type as of 15 JAN 1945):

 

On 15 FEB 1945 Freya EGON Stellungen were located as listed below.  Please note that some of these were co-located with a Flugmeldemess/Jägerleit Stellungen.

 
 

 

 

View in GE.

 
 
UNIT TYPE BASE
Stab/KG 51 Me 262A-2 Bramsche
I/KG 51 Me 262A-2 Rheine/Hörstel/Hopsten
II/KG 51 Me 262A-2 Essen-Mülheim
     
I/KG 66 Ju 88S-3 Dedelstorf
     
III/KG 76 Ar 234B-2 Burg
     
Stab/SG 4 Fw 190F-8 Bonn-Hangelar
I/SG 4 Fw 190F-8 Bonn-Hangelar
II/SG 4 Fw 190F-8 Butzweilerhof
III/SG 4 Fw 190F-8 Wahn
     
Gefechtsverband Hallensleben   Bad Nonnef
NSGr 1 Ju 87D-5 Bönningshardt, Krefeld,        Kirchhellen
NSGr 2 Ju 87D-5 Köln-Ostheim
NSGr 20 Fw 190G-3 Bonn-Hangelar later Twente
     
TG 30 He 111H-16  
 
Name Location Position Possibly co-located with:
ASCHENBRÖDEL Achmer 52*24'N007*56'E  
DÄUMLING Ober Ramstadt 49*48'N008*45'E  
DORNRÖSCHEN Petersberg 50*38'N007*12'E  
EULENSPIEGEL Erbeskopf 49*44*N007*03'E  
FALKE * Thisted 56*56'N008*42'E TANNE
FROSCHKÖNIG Utrecht 52*05'N005*07'E  
GOLDAMMER * Bredstedt 54*35'N009*00'E BROMBEERE
HEINZELMÄNNCHEN Heinsberg ??????  
HEXE Nieuwerkerken 51*40'N004*00'E  
JAGUAR Juist 53*41'N007*01'E  
MÜNCHHAUSEN Billerbeck 51*58'N007*18'E  
ROTKÄPPCHEN Hornisgrinde 48*37'N008*18'E  
RÜBEZAHL Rüscheid 50*32'N007*34'E  
RUMPELSTILZCHEN Nürburgring 50*18'N006*56'E  
SCHNEEWITTCHEN Leeuwarden 53*12'N005*48'E LÖWENZAHN
SWINEGEL Siegen 50*53'N008*03'E  
       
   *  A Zyklop was attached to this site    
       
 

MAP

 
       
 
     
 

FuS An 730 Freya EGON.

 
  The above radar was of a type, that do not send out a pulse and receive a reflected signal.  These types transmit an interrogation signal, which is received in the aircraft, where it triggers the on-board equipment ("Erstling") to transmit a response.  These radars were used in Jägerleit Stellungen for fighter control and for assistance of bombers for "blind-bombing".  Two methods of control of offensive aircraft was employed one using a single Freya EGON and one using two. When one radar was used the main beam was trained on the target, the pilot was directed via R/T or W/T into the beam and given the required course correction to arrive at the target.  The ground operator gave a count-down to release based on the range to the target as displayed on the radar equipment.  The circular error probable at 250 km (max. range) was about 1000m.  When two Freya EGONs were employed, the second was located at some distance from the first and the function of this was to provide a range cut, in order to verify the range to the target.  
     
  This system was used to control aircraft from I/KG 66, when they in the winter of 1944 - 45 dropped FuG 302 Schwan-See buoys.  These were later used by aircrew from I/KG 53 in order to establish the launch positions of the V-1 carried by the He 111 of the unit.  
     
  As far as it can be established a Freya EGON/Zyklop Stellung controlled Ar 234 from III/KG 76 during the unit's attacks on the bridge at Remagen.  
     
     
     
     
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